So you think you know the life and times of Her Majesty?
Use the power-point and texts posted below, the reader ‘the Modern Elizabethans’, and your own general knowledge, to answer the sixty questions which follow, one for every year of the Queen‘s reign.
Power Point Presentation (click here): The Life and Times of Her MajestyThe Diamond Jubilee Quiz: Sixty Questions
1. Match the following patron saints to their correct countries:
Scotland St George
Wales St Patrick
Ireland St Andrew
England St David
Scotland – St Andrew, Wales – St David, Ireland – St Patrick, England – St George.
2. What is the current (present) title of the British National Anthem?
‘God Save the Queen‘
3. Which of these cities is not a capital city?
Manchester (unless you support one of their football teams!)
4. What is the capital city of Northern Ireland?
5. Which of the following is not a Royal Residence?
a) Buckingham Palace
b) Blenheim Palace
c) Balmoral Castle
d) Windsor Castle
b) (It is the ancestral home and birthplace of Winston Churchill)
6. What is the population of ‘Greater’ London?
7 – 10 million, depending on how many ‘boroughs’ you include. As a local government area (Greater London Authority), nearer 7.
7. Which of these is not a British city?
a) Dublin – capital of the Irish Free State/ Republic of Ireland (Eire) since 1922.
8. Which monument is in Trafalgar Square in London?
a) The ‘Great Fire’ Monument
b) Nelson’s Column
c) The statue of Eros
d) The Cenotaph
b) Nelson’s Column
9. Which of the following is not a British River?
a) The Mersey
b) The Tyne
c) The Severn
d) The Shannon
10. Complete the following paragraph:
Britain is a constitutional monarchy. The sovereign (King or Queen) is head of state, but not head of the government.
The sovereign appoints her prime minister on the advice of the leader of the political party that wins the biggest
number of seats in Parliament in a general election.
11. When was Elizabeth II born (year and month)?
April 21st, 1926 (see power-point/ text)
12. Who was then the heir to the throne?
Edward , Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII)
13. What colour were her eyes?
14. Who did she take after in appearance?
Her father, George, Duke of York
15. What was her sister’s full name?
16. How many subjects did King George V have in the British Empire (approx)?
Nearly 500 million (compared with 50 million in the UK)
17. Why did King Edward VIII give up the throne?
Because his ‘proposed’ wife could not become Queen to him as ‘Governer’ of the Church of England, and he would not ‘give her up’.
18. What word do we use for this?
19. What happened for the first time after the coronation in May 1937?
The newly-crowned king spoke to his peoples throughout the Empire on the radio that same night.
20. Who did the Duke of Windsor meet after his marriage?
Adolf Hitler, at his mountain villa in Berchtesgarden.
21. After Dunkerque, what did Churchill say would never happen?
The British would ‘never surrender’ (give in)
22. Where did the Battle of Britain take place?
In the skies over the (English) Channel and the south coast of England
23. How long did it last?
24. What were the night-time raids on London and other cities called?
25. What new word described the raid of 14th/15th November, 1940?
26. Which factory was the most damaged by the bombs?
27. Which services were badly disrupted after the raid?
electricity, gas, telephone, water
28. What code-name did the Luftwaffe give to the operation?
29. What were the shelters in people’s gardens called?
30. What was formed by the former countries of the British Empire after the War?
The (British) Commonwealth (of Nations)
31. Where was Elizabeth when she heard of her father’s death?
(Up a fig tree!) in Kenya
32. When and where was she crowned Queen (year)?
Westminster Abbey, London, 1953
33. When is her ’official birthday’ (month)?
34. Which famous event happens on that day?
The Trooping of the Colour
35. As ’sovereign’, where does the Queen’s income come from?
A grant from Parliament: ‘The Civil List’
36. What is Prince Philip’s title?
Duke of Edinburgh (he’s also ‘Prince Consort’)
37. What did he found in 1956 to reward young people?
The Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme
38. When was Elizabeth’s ’heir-apparent’ born?
39. What title was he given?
The Prince of Wales
40. Which University College did he attend in the 1970s?
41. What did he establish in 1976?
The Prince’s Trust
42. Whom did he marry in 1981?
Lady Diana Spencer
43. What are the names of their two children?
Prince William and Prince Henry (‘Harry’) (of Wales, both)
44. Which Scottish castle is the Royal Family’s Summer ’retreat’?
45. When, where and how did Princess Diana die in 1997?
In the late summer (August), in Paris, in a car accident.
46. How is she best-remembered?
For her work with AIDS victims and campaigning for the banning of land-mines (as well as as William and Harry’s mum!)
47. Where did she come in a TV poll for ’the Greatest Briton’?
Third (behind Winston Churchill and I K Brunel)
48. Who came together to raise money for Ethiopia in 1984?
Bob Geldof and Midge Ure
49. What was the 1985 concert they organised called?
50. What award did the Queen give Bob Geldof, as an Irish citizen?
An ‘honorary’ knighthood
ROYAL FAMILY PROFILES: WHO AM I?
51. I was educated at Gordonstoun School (Scotland), Lakefield College (Canada) the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth (England). I became an officer in the Royal Marines, qualifying as a helicopter pilot, and saw active service in 1982. I was given my title after my marriage in 1986. I am now divorced, and have two grown-up daughters.
52. I married the Duke of York, second son of George V, in 1923, and we had two daughters together. I became Queen in December 1936 after the abdication of my brother-in-law. Following the death of my husband, in 1952, I continued to undertake many public duties until well into my nineties.
Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon>Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother (after 1952)
53. I am eighth in line to the throne, although the second eldest in my family. My mother gave me my title in 1987. I won the European Horse-Riding Championships in 1971 and was voted BBC Sports Personality of the Year by millions of viewers. I also represented Britain int he 1986 Olympics in Montreal. Since 1970 I have been President of Save the Children Fund.
Princess Anne, the Princeess Royal
54. Who is second in line to the throne?
Prince William of Wales
55. What duty does she perform when she has to give a speech written for her by the government?
56. What is the name, title and age of her youngest son?
57. What is the name, title and age of her youngest grandchild?
(I’ll be posting the answers later, if you need them!)
58 – 60: See below.
Other activities to go with the Power-point Presentation:
2012 Magazine Articles: Questions, Activities and Talking Points:
1. Round Britain Tour:
Using the mini-maps of the UK, mark the places referred to int he article on the outline map provided, and then draw lines linking them together to show ’the Royal Progress’ of HM Queen Elizabeth II during her Jubilee Celebrations. Put a tick by the places she has already visited.
2. The Crown Jewels:
Translate the following words and phrases into your own language, after finding them in the article:
steeped in history –
spectacular display –
to highlight the significance of sthng –
to anoint –
Questions/ Talking Points:
58. What are the three most important symbols of Royal Power, or ’Prerogative’ in the Coronation ceremony?
The Orb, the Sceptre and the Crown
59. What is the oldest item in the collection? How old is it?
The Coronation Spoon, used to ‘anoint’ the monarch since the 12th Century, so c 750-800 years.
60. According to the keepers of the jewels, what three messages does the new display try to give to the visiting public?
- the importance of the collection for British heritage;
- the fact that the jewels are ‘the real thing’;
- they are ‘working treasures’.
3. ’Tender Tribute’:
Find the following words and phrases in the article and, using the context, give an accurate translation of their meaning into your language:
to decline compliments –
to reinforce the sentiments –
to fulfil a uniquely demanding role –
nearest and dearest –
support beyond measure –
pleasurable duty –
to rededicate –
Questions/ Talking Points:
How many Prime Ministers has the Queen met with during her time as ’sovereign’?
What did the Lords and Commons do to commemorate the Queen’s sixty year reign?
The MPs and peers have paid for a new stained-glass window feturing HM’s coat of arms to be installed in Westminster Hall.
From the details given in this article, and your own knowledge, how do you think Prince Philip has developed the role of ’Royal Consort’ during the Queen’s reign?
He’s concentrated on his role as Head of the Family, and has supported his wife privately and in public, accompanying her on many tours of duty at home and overseas.
Lent is a time for reflection, and this year I thought hard about the ‘Gay Marriage‘ controversy which has been hitting the headlines. Since then, I’ve received many unsolicited posts on the issue, many hurling abuse at the Christian churches and most showing a lack of understanding of the Christian view of marriage and the way in which it is framed within the law in the United Kingdom, as a result of centuries of conflict and compromise between church and state. I’m deeply concerned by the strength of the language used by both advocates and opponents of this proposal. I’ve been drawn into using some of this myself, I have to admit, and repent of some of the comments I’ve made myself.
I promised some of those I’ve engaged with that I would publish ‘a blog’ on these matters, which are not as simple as we may at first think in Britain, because of its complicated history of the entanglements of church and state. Perhaps the time has come to disentangle the Christian marriage service from the secular registration of marriages and civil partnerships, but I know this would be bitterly opposed in England, at least, and, in the meantime, there are many homosexual Christians who do not seem to feel sufficiently welcomed in the churches through the affirmation of their relationships, either formally or informally. As someone who has grappled with these issues of sexuality and the Christian faith over forty years now, has been challenged by the differences in marriage laws in the UK and Hungary in arranging our own ceremonies and has, as a wedding ‘MC’ had to carefully choreograph the intertwining of the diverse religious and humanist traditions which are part of the lives of many friends, I am concerned that the needs of Gay Christian couples, and those of other faiths, are being drowned out by the chorus of church-bashing which appears to be part of a rising tide of aggressive atheism.
Of course, my own ‘national church’, the Religious Society of Friends, has long been ‘permitted’ to marry heterosexual couples, without any formal litany, at its meeting houses, under UK law. It also came to a new view of sexuality in 1963, publishing Towards a Quaker View of Sex. I found this extremely helpful as a university student in 1975-6, confused about issues of sexuality, and began to attend meetings for worship, though I didn’t become a member of the Society until 1989, when I was working for it in the West Midlands. In 2009, following an internal ‘discernments’ culminating in a minute at London Yearly Meeting, the Society published ‘We are but Witnesses’ which put forward a case for a departure from the traditional view of Christian marriage and argued for a change in the law to permit same-sex marriages to be ‘solemnised’ in places of worship throughout the UK. I cannot support this for three reasons:
1. The Dissenting tradition in the United Kingdom has always sought to separate it practices from the interference of the state in religious matters and, since ‘we are but witnesses’ commitments which take place in the sight of God, we have no need to enlist the support of the state. Indeed, marriages can be made without human witnesses, in so-called ‘common law’ relationships. Marriage is a religious matter, not a legal one, and whilst governments, which come and go, may wish to support it, we do not seek privilege from it as Christians, but regard it as a solemn duty. The gospel calls us to support equality in society and for that reason many of us have supported the move towards equity in legal matters which the introduction of ‘civil partnerships’ has enabled. These could be made available to heterosexual couples, and, if there are remaining inequalities between marriages and civil partnerships, these are surely matters requiring the attention of the state, not the churches. Whilst the Church has social responsibilities as part of its witness, its role is to hold to the eternal truths of Christ’s kingdom on earth, which is separate from secular society.
2. The Bible, and, more particularly the New Testament and, even more particularly, the words of Jesus Christ, our fonder, are quite clear both in defining marriage and in stating that homosexual men are excluded from the obligation to marry. Nothing is said about lesbian relationships, not because they did not exist in the ancient world, but because they were not seen as preventing women from marrying men. We need look no further than Jesus’ words for guidance, since they fulfil the teachings of the Torah, and the apostles were writing at a time when they believed that the ‘third dispensation’, the second coming of Christ, would pre-date many of their deaths. Therefore, marriage was only seen as a way of controlling sexual relations on a temporary basis. I have not found any outright condemnation of homosexuality, or homosexual relations in the New Testament, merely condemnation of promiscuity.
3. Marriage, as public declaration of a heterosexual relationship where two people become one family, is fundamentally different from the formalisation of a ‘partnership’, and I have characterised this as ‘two into one’ compared with ‘one plus one’. As Christians, we celebrate diversity in human relations; we don’t insist on everyone doing things the same way. If we didn’t believe this, we would still have one undivided, catholic church. Rather than insisting on everyone being ‘married’, we should be finding ways of ensuring that commitments and ‘covenants’ between all loving couples can be affirmed and recognised in a variety of acts of public worship. This is what I have tried to show below.
A glance at the following sentences (from Orders and Prayers for Church Worship, the Baptist Manual for Ministers) and scriptures will, I believe, reveal three truths:
1. That Christian marriage, as an institution, cannot be extended to same-sex unions, if the Church is to remain true to Christ‘s teachings and actions in defining the nature of that institution throughout the centuries;
2. That the current ‘equity’ (‘equality’ is not a precise enough term) given to same-sex relations through the change in the law allowing ‘civil partnerships’ does not prevent local congregations and church governments from listening to what Gay Christian couples would themselves like, and making very simple adjustments to existing sentences to include blessings and covenants for these brothers and sisters in Christ.
3. In doing so, no judgement of same-sex relationships in general is required and the special nature of Christian marriage need not be compromised, neither would the liberty of conscience of the ministers who would be asked to conduct such services.
This is why I have set out the sentences and scriptures below, as a way of looking at where the churches are at present, and how some may feel prompted to go further in including their Gay members and attenders.
1. Ordinances of the Church: The solemnization of Marriage:
‘Marriage is a holy estate instituted by God and commended in Scripture as honourable to all who enter it lawfully and in true affection. It was confirmed by Christ’s solemn words and hallowed by his gracious presence at the marriage feast in Cana of Galilee; and it is set forth by the Apostle as signifying the mystical union between Christ and his church…
‘Therefore it ought not to be entered upon lightly or unadvisedly, but thoughtfully and reverently, duly considering the causes for which it was ordained…
- ‘It was ordained for the hallowing of the union between man and woman so that, the natural instincts and affections being directed aright, they should live in purity and honour…
- ‘It was ordained for the increase of mankind, and that children might be brought up in the fear and nurture of the Lord…
- ‘It was ordained for the companionship, help, and comfort which husband and wife ought to have of each other…
- ‘It was ordained for the welfare of human society, which can be strong and happy only where the marriage bond is held in honour…
2. Selections from the New Testament dealing with marriage:
‘Jesus answered, “Have you not read that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female, and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one’? So they are no longer two but one. What therefore God has joined together, let no man put asunder’. (Matthew 19: 4-6; See also Mark 10: 2-12)..
‘There are many reasons why men cannot marry: some, because they were born that way; others, because men made them that way; and others do not marry for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven’ (Matthew 19: 12).
‘Every man should have his own wife, and every woman should have her own husband. A man should fulfill his duty, as a wife, and each should satisfy the other’s needs. A wife is not the master of her own body, but the husband is; in the same way a husband is not the master of his own body, but his wife is. Do not deny yourselves to each other unless you first agree to do so for a while…I tell you this not as an order, but simply as a permission’ (1 Corinthians 7: 2-6).
‘Every husband must love his wife as himself, and every wife must respect her husband’ (Ephesians 5: 31).
3. The Blessing of a Civil Partnership, or ‘Union’ (based on ‘The Blessing of a Civil Marriage‘):
The order is for use only when a civil ceremony has already taken place in the Registry Office, or another place authorised by the Registrar. The Minister should not perform this ceremony until he has seen the Certificate of Registration of the Civil Partnership, or ‘Union’. All standing, the minister shall say:
‘Dearly beloved: we are gathered here in the presence of God to seek this blessing on the union into which these two persons here entered. This blessing should be sought only by those who are willing to fulfil the obligations which a Christian relationship demands.
‘The hallowing of the union between two persons is…
‘…so that, the natural instincts and affections being directed aright, they should live in purity and honour..
‘…to honour the companionship, help, and comfort which partners ought to have for each other..
‘…for the welfare of human society, which can be strong and happy only where its bonds are held in honour.’
Then the minister shall say to the Couple:
‘In token of your covenant with one another, you may exchange rings. Do you promise before God to love each other, comfort, honour and keep each other in sickness and in health, so long as you both shall live?’
The partners answer in unison:
If the rings have not already been given, the rings shall be placed on the book, exchanged and delivered by the Minister. Each partner shall repeat after the minister the following words:
‘ I give thee this ring as a token of the covenant made between us this day and as a pledge of our mutual love: in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and the Holy Spirit. AMEN.
The Minister will then add this blessing:
‘The Lord Bless you and keep you. The Lord make his face to shine upon you, and be gracious unto you. The Lord lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace.’
A psalm or a hymn may then be sung, followed by selections from Holy Scripture, an address, prayers, closing hymn, and the blessing, as in ‘the Order for the Solemnization of Marriage’ and by agreement with the Minister. The following readings from scripture are among those that may be chosen:
‘Love is patient and kind; love is not jealous or boastful; it is not arrogant or rude. Love does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrong, but rejoices in the right. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. Love never ends’. (I Corinthians 13: 4-8)
“As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you; abide in my love. If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and abide in his love. These things I have spoken to you, that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be full. This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you”. (John 15 : 9-12)
The Orders and Prayers for Church Worship makes it clear that while we base everything we believe as Christians on the immutable Word of God, the nature of the sacraments and liturgy of worship have evolved over the centuries, and are part of a continuing ‘conversation’ between God and men, which is two-way. We don’t need to wait for God to speak first, we can have something to say to Him, based on the changing needs of human society in the twenty-first century. The PM has lit the blue touch-paper by announcing his ‘consultation’. The churches could surely go one better by opening up a dialogue with God and a discourse with each other on these issues, and especially with Gay Christians, rather than each denomination taking its own position in relation to the desire for a change in the secular law.